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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996 Dec;28(7):1732-7.

Influence of procedural success on immediate and long-term clinical outcome of patients undergoing percutaneous revascularization of occluded coronary artery bypass vein grafts.

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  • 1Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. berger.peter@mayo.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to determine whether successful recanalization of an occluded vein graft is associated with improvement in long-term clinical outcome.

BACKGROUND:

Coronary angioplasty of occluded vein grafts is associated with a lower initial success rate and a higher complication rate than angioplasty of vein grafts with subtotal stenoses and native coronary arteries. Whether successful angioplasty improves clinical outcome is unknown.

METHODS:

We analyzed 77 consecutive patients who underwent angioplasty of an occluded saphenous vein coronary artery bypass graft between August 1983 and June 1994. Patients with a myocardial infarction in the previous 24 h were excluded from the study.

RESULTS:

The mean age of the study cohort was 65 years; the mean (+/- SD) age of the treated grafts was 7.5 +/- 3.9 years. As an adjunct to balloon angioplasty, stents were used in 9% of procedures, laser in 30%, and atherectomy in 16%, and thrombolytic therapy was administered in 23% of patients. The angioplasty success rate was 71%. Major complications within 30 days of the procedure included death in 5.2% of patients, Q wave myocardial infarction in 1.3% and repeat bypass surgery in 7.8%; these events occurred with similar frequency in patients in whom angiographic success was and was not achieved. Kaplan-meier analysis comparing patients in whom angioplasty was successful (n = 55) and not successful (n = 22) revealed no differences in survival or occurrence of myocardial infarction or recurrent severe angina between the two groups in the 3 years after the procedure. Univariate analysis identified the age of the graft and use of newer interventional devices as predictors of death or myocardial infarction during this time period; procedural success was not associated with freedom from these adverse events after adjusting for these variables.

CONCLUSIONS:

Angioplasty of occluded vein grafts is associated with a low initial success rate and a high complication rate. Successful angioplasty does not appear to reduce the occurrence of adverse events in the 3 years after the procedure.

PMID:
8962559
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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