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Am J Prev Med. 1996 Nov-Dec;12(6):450-8.

Correlates of health promotion behaviors in low-income Black women and Latinas.

Author information

  • Department of Pediatrics, King/Drew Medical Center, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles 90059, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Factors associated with practicing five health promotion behaviors (sleeping 7-8 hours per night, eating break-fast, exercising three times per week, and abstaining from alcohol and tobacco use) were identified in 243 low-income Black and Latina women whose children were enrolled in Head Start programs in South Central Los Angeles.

METHODS:

Based on previous studies, interviews with community leaders and health personnel, and focus groups with community residents, I designed and administered surveys to identify correlates of health promotion behaviors. We assessed demographic variables; knowledge, attitudes, and perceived barriers to health promotion behaviors; perceived susceptibility to disease and efficacy in determining health outcome; social and family support for health promotion; sources of health promotion information; interactions with health care providers; and quality of life in the community.

RESULTS:

Being Latina, having a low perceived susceptibility to cancer, and using leaflets and flyers as sources of health promotion information were associated with practicing more health promotion behaviors. Exposure to violence (having a family member killed) and perceptions of community health care workers as uncaring were associated with practicing fewer health promotion behaviors.

CONCLUSION:

These findings suggest that a range of factors may be related to healthy and unhealthy lifestyles in low-income, ethnic minority women and that environmental stressors, such as exposure to violence, may significantly affect health promotion behavior in these groups.

PMID:
8955775
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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