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J Endocrinol. 1996 Sep;150 Suppl:S3-12.

Characterization of 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase IV.

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  • 1Max-Planck-Institut für Experimentelle Endokrinologie, Hannover, Germany.


17 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17 beta-HSD) IV is coded by 2.9 kb mRNA translated to an 80 kDa protein which is N-terminally cleaved to a 32 kDa enzyme. The 17 beta-HSD IV is dedicated to steroid inactivation and reveals only 25% amino acid similarity with 17 beta-HSD I-III enzymes. Despite five Asn-Xaa-Ser/Thr (Xaa = unspecified amino acid) sites in the 80 kDa protein the enzyme is not glycosylated. The porcine 32 kDa 17 beta-HSD IV forms dimers of 75 kDa. The highest 17 beta-HSD IV mRNA expression and specific activities are found in liver and kidney followed by ovary and testes. In porcine gonads the immunofluorescence assigned the 17 beta-HSD IV to granulosa cells and to Leydig and Sertoli cells. As shown by the treatment with phorbol-myristate-acetate in vitamin D-differentiated monocytic leukemia THP1 cells, steroid synthesis and inactivation are regulated differentially by the protein kinase C pathway: an increase in aromatase is accompanied by a decrease in 17 beta-HSD IV mRNA levels.

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