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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Nov 26;93(24):13819-24.

Multiple A-type cyclins express sequentially during the cell cycle in Nicotiana tabacum BY2 cells.

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  • 1Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.


Four full-length and one partial cDNA clones encoding four different A-type cyclins were isolated from a tobacco S-phase-specific library. The corresponding mRNAs displayed sequential appearance and disappearance during the cell cycle of highly synchronized suspension-cultured tobacco cells. Sequence analysis showed that the plant A-type cyclins can be subdivided into three distinct structural groups that are likely to be represented in every plant species. Two of the isolated tobacco cyclins belonging to the same group were highly expressed throughout S and G2 phases but showed different kinetics of induction at the G1/S transition. Another one belonging to a second group was induced at mid-S phase and expressed until mid-M phase. A similar expression pattern was previously reported for a tobacco cyclin belonging to the third group. This sequential expression of multiple A-type cyclins in one type of plant cells makes a clear distinction from the situation in animal cells in which only one A-type cyclin exists in a given species. Furthermore, the expression of the different A-type cyclin genes responded differently upon a block at mid-S phase by DNA synthesis inhibitors. These results suggest that the multiple A-type cyclins act at different steps of the plant cell cycle and, therefore, exert distinct functions. In contrast, the expression of B-type cyclins was restricted to a narrow window corresponding to the M phase.

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