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J Endod. 1996 Aug;22(8):422-5.

A comparison of pulpectomy alone versus pulpectomy with trephination for the relief of pain.

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  • 1Branch Dental Clinic, Newport, RI 02841-1642, USA.

Abstract

Patients who when initially seen have pain of endodontic origin have a higher incidence of posttreatment pain than those who are pain-free pretreatment. The purpose of this study was to compare two methods of treatment--pulpectomy alone or pulpectomy with trephination--for the reduction of posttreatment pain in patients presenting with acute periradicular pain of pulpal origin. Seventeen patients with pretreatment pain were studied. Eleven received a pulpectomy to the radiographically determined working length. Six patients received a pulpectomy and trephination using a #4 round bur through a vertical incision. Visual analog scales were used preoperatively to measure pain intensity and unpleasantness, and postoperatively to measure intensity, unpleasantness, and pain relief at 4, 8, 16, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h. Analysis of preoperative data showed no difference between control and experimental groups. Posttreatment, at 4 h, the trephination group reported significantly more pain intensity and unpleasantness and less pain relief than the control group. Pulpectomy alone provided significantly better postoperative pain relief at 4 h compared with pulpectomy with trephination. At no time interval did the trephination group have less pain than the group without trephination.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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