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J Clin Microbiol. 1996 Dec;34(12):3063-71.

Development of two species-specific fingerprinting probes for broad computer-assisted epidemiological studies of Candida tropicalis.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.


Candida tropicalis has emerged as the second most frequent colonizing Candida species, and it has been documented in nosocomial infections. To develop an effective fingerprinting system for this species, which is amenable to computer-assisted analyses and which provides information on the genetic relatedness of independent isolates, two DNA fragments, Ct3 (18,000 bp) and Ct14 (20,000 bp), were cloned from a genomic library of Sau3AI partial digestion products. Both probes generate complex Southern blot patterns containing 8 to 20 bands, when hybridized to EcoRI- or EcoRI-HaeIII-digested DNA of independent C. tropicalis isolates. The two probes show no cross-hybridization and are both species specific for C. tropicalis. A comparison of the capacity of the two probes to identify the same strain in different isolates, and differentiate unrelated strains, using computer-assisted computation of similarity coefficients and the genesis of dendrograms, suggests that while Ct14 is more effective in grouping independent isolates, Ct3 is more effective in discriminating small differences in the patterns of highly related isolates and is therefore a more effective probe for determining microevolution within a clonal population and substrain shuffling in recurrent infections. Because of their alternative attributes, it is suggested that both probes be used in fingerprinting studies of C. tropicalis.

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