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J Biol Chem. 1996 Dec 6;271(49):31446-51.

Bovine UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:lysosomal-enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase. II. Enzymatic characterization and identification of the catalytic subunit.

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  • 1W. K. Warren Medical Research Institute and the Department of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73104, USA.


The kinetic properties of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:lysosomal-enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase (GlcNAc-phosphotransferase) purified to homogeneity from lactating bovine mammary gland have been investigated. GlcNAc-phosphotransferase transferred GlcNAc 1-phosphate from UDP-GlcNAc to the synthetic acceptor alpha-methylmannoside, generating GlcNAc-1-phospho-6-mannose alpha-methyl, the structure of which was confirmed by mass spectroscopy. GlcNAc-phosphotransferase was active between pH 5.7 and 9.3, with optimal activity between pH 6.6 and 7.5. Activity was strictly dependent on Mg2+ or Mn2+. The Km for Mn2+ was 185 microM. The Km for UDP-GlcNAc was 30 microM, and that for alpha-methylmannoside was 63 mM. The enzyme was competitively inhibited by UDP-Glc, with a Ki of 733 microM. The 166-kDa subunit was identified as the catalytic subunit by photoaffinity labeling with azido-[beta-32P]UDP-Glc. Purified GlcNAc-phosphotransferase utilizes the lysosomal enzyme uteroferrin approximately 163-fold more effectively than the non-lysosomal glycoprotein ribonuclease B. Antibodies to GlcNAc-phosphotransferase blocked the transfer to cathepsin D, but not to alpha-methylmannoside, suggesting that protein-protein interactions are required for the efficient utilization of glycoprotein acceptors. These results indicate that the purified bovine GlcNAc-phosphotransferase retains the specificity for lysosomal enzymes as acceptors previously observed with crude preparations.

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