Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 1996 Dec 6;271(49):31075-85.

Protease involvement in fodrin cleavage and phosphatidylserine exposure in apoptosis.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Environmental Medicine, Division of Toxicology, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.


A detailed kinetic analysis of three extranuclear end points of apoptosis, phosphatidylserine exposure, alpha-fodrin degradation, and plasma membrane blebbing, was performed and compared with nuclear fragmentation and the activation of the interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme (ICE)-like proteases in Jurkat T lymphocytes stimulated by anti-Fas monoclonal antibody (anti-Fas mAb) and in monocytic U937 cells stimulated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and cycloheximide. Phosphatidylserine exposure was quantitated by plasma clotting time, as well as annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate binding, and the ICE-like protease activity was examined by the cleavage of a specific fluorogenic peptide substrate Ac-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-amino-4-methylcoumarin. VAD-chloromethylketone (VAD-cmk), an inhibitor of ICE-like proteases, effectively inhibited ICE-like activity in both cell types studied, whereas the calpain inhibitor calpeptin was ineffective. VAD-cmk also effectively inhibited all three extranuclear events, as well as nuclear fragmentation, in Jurkat cells stimulated by anti-Fas monoclonal antibody, indicating that ICE-like proteases play an important role in the regulation of this apoptotic system. Calpain inhibitors were ineffective in this system. TNF-induced extranuclear and nuclear changes in U937 cells were inhibited by calpeptin but were not as effectively inhibited by VAD-cmk as in Jurkat cells. This suggests that ICE-like enzymes predominate in anti-Fas monoclonal antibody-stimulated Jurkat cells, whereas proteases affected by calpain inhibitors as well as the ICE-like enzymes are involved in the signaling of apoptotic events in TNF-induced U937 cells. Importantly, the two apoptotic systems seem to be regulated by different proteases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk