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Clin Biochem. 1996 Dec;29(6):587-94.

Release kinetics of serum cardiac troponin I in ischemic myocardial injury.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of NĂ®mes, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The study was undertaken to evaluate the release kinetics of cardiac troponin I (cTn-I) in ischemic myocardial injury.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

The reference range for cTn-I was established by determination of cTn-I in sera and plasma obtained from 622 healthy volunteers (Group 1). cTn-I was compared to: (a) Creatine kinase (CK) MB mass and myoglobin in 12 patients with severe skeletal muscle damage (Group 2); (b) CK-MB activity in 48 patients with myocardial infarction (MI) receiving intravenous thrombolysis (Group 3) (in this group, an additional 43 patients with MI were analyzed separately to characterize cTn-I patterns in thrombolyzed and nonthrombolyzed populations): and in 44 patients with unstable angina (Group 4).

RESULTS:

In Groups 1 and 2, no positive results (> or = 0.1 microgram/L) were obtained. In Group 3, the time-courses of cTn-I were mostly monophasic in form. A pathologic increase occurred earlier in cTn-I than in CK-MB activity (p = 0.0002); the period with increased cTn-I was longer (p = 0.001), the overall sensitivity of cTn-I (93.9%) was higher than that of CK-MB activity (p = 0.00001). cTn-I was more sensitive at admission (p = 0.0004). In additional patients, the cTn-I peak occurred and cTn-I disappeared significantly later in nonthrombolyzed than in the thrombolyzed group. In Group 4, positive tests results were detected in 45% of patients for cTn-I, 16% for CK-MB activity, and 32% for CK-MB mass.

CONCLUSIONS:

The cTn-I assay appears to be ideally suited for the detection of ischemic myocardial injury in complex clinical situations because of its high specificity; cTn-I indicates myocardial tissue damage in patients with unstable angina and is superior to CK-MB activity and mass in this respect.

PMID:
8939408
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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