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J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Feb;31(2):258-62.

Anomalies of the tracheobronchial tree in patients with esophageal atresia.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

To examine associated anatomic anomalies of the tracheobronchial tree and structural abnormalities of the trachea, and their clinical consequences, bronchoscopic examination and follow-up studies were performed in 32 patients with esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) over a 5-year period. To evaluate structural abnormalities of trachea, the ratio of circumferential length of cartilaginous trachea to circumferential length of membranous trachea (C:M ratio) was determined before surgical repair. In patients examined before and after surgical repair, the motion of the posterior tracheal wall was observed under spontaneous respiration. Fifteen of the 32 patients (47%) had abnormalities of the tracheobronchial tree such as ectopic right upper bronchus (12), congenital bronchial stenosis (4), and absence of the right upper bronchus (2). The C:M ratio of the 27 patients with EA (2.0 +/- 0.6) was significantly lower than that of controls (3.0 +/- 0.3); the ratio for the 10 cases with ectopic right upper bronchus (1.7 +/- 0.4) was significantly lower than that of other cases (2.2 +/- 0.5). The C:M ratio for the 12 patients who had atelectasis (1.7 +/- 0.3) was significantly lower than that of the 15 who did not have atelectasis (2.2 +/- 0.6). Of 24 infants, nine had bulging of the posterior tracheal wall synchronized with expiration, and their C:M ratio (1.8 +/- 0.2) was significantly lower than that of the 15 patients without bulging (2.2 +/- 0.6). These data show an association between anatomic anomalies of the tracheobronchial tree and structural abnormalities of the trachea in patients with EA. Because these abnormalities may be related to the occurrence of respiratory disorders such as tracheomalacia and atelectasis, early bronchoscopic examination, including measurement of the C:M ratio and observation of the motion of the posterior tracheal wall under spontaneous respiration, may be useful in the care of patients with EA.

PMID:
8938354
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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