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Microbiology. 1996 Apr;142 ( Pt 4):775-83.

Characteristics of Sulfobacillus acidophilus sp. nov. and other moderately thermophilic mineral-sulphide-oxidizing bacteria.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.


Several isolates of Gram-positive, acidophilic, moderately thermophilic, ferrous-iron- and mineral-sulphide-oxidizing bacteria were examined to establish unequivocally the characteristics of Sulfobacillus-like bacteria. Two species were evident: Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans with 48-50 mol% G+C and Sulfobacillus acidophilus sp. nov. with 55-57 mol% G+C. Both species grew autotrophically and mixotrophically on ferrous iron, on elemental sulphur in the presence of yeast extract, and heterotrophically on yeast extract. Autotrophic growth on sulphur was consistently obtained only with S. acidophilus.

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