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Compr Psychiatry. 1996 Nov-Dec;37(6):384-92.

Substance abuse, comorbidity, and sensation seeking: gender differences.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510-3223, USA.

Abstract

Two hundred sixty-two probands and 261 of their relatives with DSM-III-R diagnoses of drug and alcohol abuse and/or anxiety disorders completed the Zuckerman Sensation Seeking Scale. It was hypothesised that subjects with both substance abuse disorders and comorbid anxiety disorders would have lower sensation-seeking profiles than subjects with substance abuse alone. This was confirmed in women, with thrill- and adventure-seeking scores showing significant differences between pure substance abusers and those with a comorbid anxiety disorder, lending support to theories that substance abusers are a heterogeneous group. In men, there were fewer significant differences between diagnostic groups. If substance abusers are indeed a heterogeneous group, with some motivated by high sensation-seeking needs, a better understanding of these motivations can lead to more effective strategies of prevention and treatment, according to etiology.

PMID:
8932962
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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