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Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 1996;97(4):195-201.

[The contribution of Germanicus Mirault to maxillofacial surgery in general and to surgery of the cleft lip in particular].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Service de Stomatologie et Chirurgie Maxillo-Faciale, CHU Angers, France.


Germanicus Mirault is a French surgeon born in Angers in 1796. With Malgaigne, he was the first to introduce the concept of flap transposition for closure of a cleft-lip. This skillful and innovative surgeon made also very important contributions to other fields of maxillofacial surgery, including the first ligature of the lingual artery on a human being in 1833 and a method of temporary occlusion of the eyelids to correct a post-burn ectropion which is still used now. This latter work was awarded by the "Académie des Sciences" in 1869.

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