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Neuropsychopharmacology. 1996 Nov;15(5):491-6.

Efficacy and side-effects of clozapine: testing for association with allelic variation in the dopamine D4 receptor gene.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Bonn, Germany.


Genetic factors are supposed to play a major role not only in the etiology of psychiatric disorders but also in individual response to medications. To test the hypothesis that inter-individual differences in response to clozapine and the occurrence of side-effects might be influenced by variations in the dopamine D4 receptor gene, we examined frequencies of four known polymorphic sites affecting protein structure in the dopamine D4 receptor gene in 149 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder treated with clozapine. The D4 polymorphisms included a 13-base pair deletion, which through a frameshift leads to a truncated nonfunctional receptor protein. There were, however, no significant differences in genotype counts between responders and nonresponders. Furthermore, no side-effect was found to be associated with genetic variants of the dopamine D4 receptor.

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