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J Cell Biochem. 1996 Nov 1;63(2):174-84.

Estrogen regulation of nuclear matrix-intermediate filament proteins in human breast cancer cells.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.


The tissue matrix consists of linkages and interactions of the nuclear matrix, cytoskeleton, and extracellular matrix. This system is a dynamic structural component of the cell that organizes and processes structural and functional information to maintain and coordinate cell function and gene expression. We have studied estrogen regulation of nuclear matrix associated proteins, including the intimately connected cytoskeletal intermediate filaments, in T-47D5 human breast cancer cells. Three proteins (identified as cytokeratins 8, 18, and 19) present in the nuclear matrix-intermediate filament fraction (NM-IF) of cells grown in estrogen-replete conditions were dramatically reduced when the cells were grown in acute (1 week) estrogen-depleted conditions. Replacing estrogen in the medium of acute estrogen-depleted cells restored expression of these proteins. T-47D5 cells that are chronically depleted of estrogen (T5-PRF) are estrogen-nonresponsive in culture. These cells overexpressed these three proteins, compared to parent cells grown in the presence of estrogen. Treatment of the T5-PRF cells with estrogen did not lead to further up-regulation of these proteins. Treating T-47D5 cells in estrogen-replete conditions with the antiestrogens 4-hydroxytamoxifen and ICI 164 384 (100 nM, 3 days) resulted in a significant reduction in these proteins, while no effect was seen in long-term chronic estrogen-depleted T-47D5 cells. In conclusion, we have identified NM-IF proteins (cytokeratins 8, 18, and 19) in human breast cancer cells that are estrogen regulated and may play a role in estrogen action in human breast cancer cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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