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J Biol Chem. 1996 Nov 1;271(44):27304-10.

Analysis of neurocan structures interacting with the neural cell adhesion molecule N-CAM.

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  • 1Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Am Klopferspitz 18a, 82152 Martinsried, Germany. rauch@vms.biochem.mpg.de

Abstract

Neurocan is a brain-specific chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, which has been shown to bind to the neural cell adhesion molecule N-CAM and to inhibit its homophilic interaction. To study in more detail the structures of neurocan responsible for this interaction, various recombinant neurocan fragments were generated. The ability of these fragments to interact with N-CAM was investigated in several different in vitro assay systems, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-type binding assays, Covasphere-aggregation assays, and assays based on an optical biosensor (BIAcoreTM) system. The analysis of the homophilic N-CAM interaction in the BIAcore system revealed a KD of 64 nM. This homophilic interaction could be reduced by preincubation of soluble N-CAM with neurocan. Direct binding of N-CAM to immobilized neurocan core protein and recombinant neurocan fragments could also be demonstrated, and KD values between 25 and 100 nM were obtained. In addition, direct binding of N-CAM to chondroitin sulfate could be demonstrated. Binding of N-CAM to the immobilized neurocan core protein could be inhibited with all recombinant fragments containing chondroitin sulfate or major parts of the mucin-like central region of neurocan. For the inhibition of homophilic N-CAM interactions, however, a combination of globular and extended structures was required.

PMID:
8910306
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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