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Emerg Infect Dis. 1995 Oct-Dec;1(4):115-23.

Diagnosis of tuberculosis in children: increased need for better methods.

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  • 1Baylor Collge of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. jstarke@msmailpo2.is5.tch.tmc.edu

Abstract

In the last decade tuberculosis (TB) has reemerged as a major worldwide public health hazard with increasing incidence among adults and children. Although cases among children represent a small percentage of all TB cases, infected children are a reservoir from which many adult cases will arise. TB diagnosis in children usually follows discovery of a case in an adult, and relies on tuberculin skin testing, chest radiograph, and clinical signs and symptoms. However, clinical symptoms are nonspecific, skin testing and chest radiographs can be difficult to interpret, and routine laboratory tests are not helpful. Although more rapid and sensitive laboratory testing, which takes into account recent advances in molecular biology, immunology, and chromatography, is being developed, the results for children have been disappointing. Better techniques would especially benefit children and infants in whom early diagnosis is imperative for preventing progressive TB.

PMID:
8903180
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2626885
Free PMC Article
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