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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Oct 29;93(22):12631-6.

A calcineurin homologous protein inhibits GTPase-stimulated Na-H exchange.

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  • 1Department of Stomatology, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA.

Abstract

Activation of the ubiquitously expressed Na-H exchanger, NHE1, results in an increased efflux of intracellular H+. The increase in intracellular pH associated with this H+ efflux may contribute to regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, and neoplastic transformation. Although NHE1 activity is stimulated by growth factors and hormones acting through multiple GTPase-mediated pathways, little is known about how the exchanger is directly regulated. Using expression library screening, we identified a novel protein that specifically binds to NHE1 at a site that is critical for growth factor stimulation of exchange activity. This protein is homologous to calcineurin B and calmodulin and is designated CHP for calcineurin B homologous protein. Like NHE1, CHP is widely expressed in human tissues. Transient overexpression of CHP inhibits serum- and GTP-ase-stimulated NHE1 activity. CHP is a phosphoprotein and expression of constitutively activated GTPases decreases CHP phosphorylation. The phosphorylation state of CHP may therefore be an important signal controlling mitogenic regulation of NHE1.

PMID:
8901634
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC38044
Free PMC Article
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