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Placenta. 1996 Sep;17(7):479-86.

Placental copper transport in the rat. II: Effect of maternal copper deficiency.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, North Shore University Hospital-New York University School of Medicine, Manhasset 11030, USA.

Abstract

Copper (Cu) placental transport presents a steep downhill gradient from mother to fetus. This process could be altered by low-molecular-weight (LMW) ligands and maternal Cu deficiency. We compared the ratio of Cu transfer from dam-to-fetus in Cu-deficient (CuDf) and Cu-sufficient (CuSf) rats in the last day of gestation. Anaesthetized dams were iv injected 79 mumol/kg (5 mg/kg) of either Cu acetate [Cu (AcO)2]; Cu+L-histidine, 1:10. [Cu(His)10]; Cu-(glycyl-glycyl-L-histidine) [Cu(GGH)], or saline. Dam and fetal blood, as well as placentae were obtained at 0, 10, 20, 40 and 60 min. At time 0, CuDf dams had lower plasma Cu than CuSf dams (8.3 +/- 1.2 versus 26.7 +/- 1.1 mumol/l), but CuDf fetuses plasma Cu was unchanged. This resulted in a more favourable mean fetal: maternal plasma Cu ratio in the CuDf fetuses (0.61) than in the CuSf fetuses (0.21). Dam plasma Cu was unaffected by the chemical form of Cu injected. In CuDf fetuses lower plasma Cu was observed with Cu(GGH) and Cu (His)10 at 20 min than in the CuSf. In the presence of these LMW ligands CuDf placentae retained more Cu than those of the CuSf group. CuDf was associated ultrastructurally with extensive lipid deposition in dam hepatocytes and, to a lesser extent, in CuDf fetal liver. These results indicate that in CuDf, LMW ligands increase placental uptake of Cu, without improving placenta-fetus transport. Although the rat fetus is well adapted to intrauterine CuDf, it may also be susceptible to hepatic lipid infiltration when the dam is CuDf.

PMID:
8899877
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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