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Anesth Analg. 1996 Nov;83(5):921-7.

Effects of a hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC-201) on hemodynamics and oxygen transport in patients undergoing preoperative hemodilution for elective abdominal aortic surgery.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, University of Cologne, Germany.

Abstract

We conducted a pilot study to evaluate the effects of HBOC-201, a bovine hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier, on hemodynamics and oxygen transport in patients undergoing preoperative hemodilution for elective abdominal aortic surgery. After induction of anesthesia and isovolemic hemodilution with 1 L of lactated Ringer's solution, 13 patients were randomly assigned to receive, within 30 min, 3 mL/kg of either HBOC-201 or 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES). Monitored variables included invasive arterial and pulmonary artery pressures, arterial and mixed venous blood gases, and calculations of cardiac index (CI), systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance indices, oxygen delivery index (DO2I), oxygen consumption index (VO2I), and oxygen extraction ratio (O2ER). Thirty minutes after HBOC-201 infusion, mean arterial pressure, systemic vascular resistance index, and CI were 149% (P = 0.028), 169% (P = 0.046), and 75% (P = 0.46) of the preinfusion values, respectively. No significant changes were noticed in heart rate and pulmonary vascular resistance index. DO2I and VO2I, 30 min after the infusion of HBOC-201, were 79% (P = 0.046) and 76% (P = 0.028) of the preinfusion values, respectively, whereas CaO2 and O2ER remained unaffected. We conclude that HBOC-201, at a dose of 3 mL/kg, impairs oxygen delivery because of adverse effects on cardiac output.

PMID:
8895264
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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