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Mol Biol Cell. 1996 Sep;7(9):1419-27.

Activation of the osmo-sensitive chloride conductance involves P21rho and is accompanied by a transient reorganization of the F-actin cytoskeleton.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Cardiovascular Research Institute COEUR, Medical Faculty, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


Hypo-osmotic stimulation of human Intestine 407 cells rapidly activated compensatory CL- and K+ conductances that limited excessive cell swelling and, finally, restored the original cell volume. Osmotic cell swelling was accompanied by a rapid and transient reorganization of the F-actin cytoskeleton, affecting both stress fibers as well as apical ruffles. In addition, an increase in total cellular F-actin was observed. Pretreatment of the cells with recombinant Clostridium botulinum C3 exoenzyme, but not with mutant enzyme (C3-E173Q) devoid of ADP-ribosyltransferase activity, greatly reduced the activation of the osmo-sensitive anion efflux, suggesting a role for the ras-related GTPase p21rho. In contrast, introducing dominant negative N17-p21rac into the cells did not affect the volume-sensitive efflux. Cell swelling-induced reorganization of F-actin coincided with a transient, C3 exoenzyme-sensitive tyrosine phosphorylation of p125 focal adhesion kinase (p125FAK) as well as with an increase in phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PtdIns-3-kinase) activity. Pretreatment of the cells with wortmannin, a specific inhibitor of PtdIns-3-kinase, largely inhibited the volume-sensitive ion efflux. Taken together, our results indicate the involvement of a p21rho signaling cascade and actin filaments in the activation of volume-sensitive chloride channels.

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