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Br J Anaesth. 1996 Aug;77(2):157-61.

Thrombelastography changes in pre-eclampsia and eclampsia.

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  • 1Department of Anaesthetics, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Abstract

We have measured platelet count, bleeding time and thrombelastography (TEG) variables and the correlation between these variables in 49 pregnant patients presenting with pre-eclampsia or eclampsia. Eighteen patients (37%) had a platelet count < or = 150 x 10(9) litre-1 and seven (14%) had a platelet count < or = 100 x 10(9) litre-1. Bleeding time was prolonged > 9.5 min in 13 (27%) patients and the TEG was abnormal in four (8%). The TEG variables, k time and maximum amplitude (MA) had a strong correlation with platelet count (k time-platelet count < or = 150 x 10(9) litre-1, r = -0.68, P = 0.003, platelet count < or = 100 x 10(9) litre-1, r = -0.84, P = 0.02; MA--platelet count < or = 150 x 10(9) litre-1, r = 0.72, P = 0.001, platelet count < or = 100 x 10(9) litre-1, r = 0.78, P = 0.04). There was no correlation between bleeding time and thrombocytopenia (platelet count < or = 150 x 10(9) litre-1, r = -0.18, ns; platelet count < or = 100 x 10(9) litre-1, r = 0.09, ns). There was no correlation between bleeding time and any measured TEG variable. Of the 10 (20%) patients with an adequate platelet count (> 100 x 10(9) litre-1) but prolonged bleeding time, the TEG was normal, suggesting adequate haemostasis. An MA of 53 mm, which is the lower limit for normal pregnancy, correlated with a platelet count of 54 x 10(9) litre-1 (95% confidence limits 40-75 x 10(9) litre-1). Although the number of patients with severe thrombocytopenia was small, a platelet count of 75 x 10(9) litre-1 should be associated with adequate haemostasis.

PMID:
8881617
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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