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Kinetic properties of glucosyltransferase adsorbed onto saliva-coated hydroxyapatite.

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  • 1Department of Dental Research, University of Rochester, New York 14642, USA.


Results from previous studies have shown that several properties of glucosyltransferase (GTF) adsorbed onto saliva-coated hydroxyapatite beads differ from those of GTF in solution. For example: thermostability, pH-activity dependency, sensitivity to inhibitors. The aim of this study was to compare the kinetics of the adsorbed GTF with its kinetic properties in solution. Hydroxyapatite beads were coated with human parotid saliva (sHA). Following washes, cell-free GTF enzyme from Streptococcus sobrinus 6715 (S. sobrinus 6715) or Streptococcus mutans GS-5 (S. mutans GS-5) was adsorbed onto sHA. The GTF-coated sHA were then incubated with radiolabeled sucrose for intervals of 5-360 minutes and the amount of glucans synthesized in situ by the adsorbed GTF was determined and compared with that produced in solution. The adsorbed GTF (from S. sobrinus 6715) exhibited a sharp increase in glucan production within the first 5 minutes of incubation while surface-bound GTF of S. mutans GS-5 displayed an initial burst of activity within the first 15 minutes of incubation. During the next 6 hours (duration of experiment) the amount of glucan on the beads did not increase with either enzyme. In contrast, the kinetic profile of the two GTFs in solution demonstrated a linear increase in the amount of glucans formed, with no initial burst effect. The results indicate that the rapid formation of glucans by GTF adsorbed onto sHA could have implications for colonization by oral microorganisms on tooth surfaces. The accelerated synthesis of glucan on tooth surfaces may affect the microbiology of the dental plaque, and might also influence the movement of substances, such as acids and antiplaque agents, across the acquired pellicle and dental plaque.

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