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J Med Assoc Thai. 1996 Jan;79(1):49-54.

Totally extraperitoneal laparoscopic lumbar sympathectomy: an initial case report.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand.


A 27-year-old man with a diagnosis of Buerger's disease presented with vasospastic symptoms of coldness and pain at rest of his right foot. Physical examination of his affected limb revealed absent popliteal pulse, cool skin hyperhidrosis and dry gangrene of the big toe. He had been operated on for a ruptured liver and liver abscess 20 years ago. He was scheduled for totally extraperitoneal laparoscopic lumbar sympathectomy on July 26, 1994. The technique was performed under general anesthesia and the patient was put in a supine position with slight extension between the rib and the iliac crest. The working space was created by digital blunt dissection and direct insufflation of carbon dioxide. The right sympathetic trunk was found between the medial edge of the psoas muscle and inferior vena cava. The L2, L3, L4 sympathetic ganglia were identified above the vertebral column and meticulously dissected cephalocaudally. Based on the concept of traditional approach, we believe that this laparoscopic technique is relatively safe and should become the procedure of choice in the future.

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