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Protein Sci. 1996 Apr;5(4):786-8.

Crystallization and preliminary structural analysis of Bacillus subtilis adenylosuccinate lyase, an enzyme implicated in infantile autism.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, USA.

Abstract

Adenylosuccinate lyase (ASL) from Bacillus subtilis has been crystallized and structural analysis by X-ray diffraction is in progress. ASL is a 200-kDa homotetramer that catalyzes two distinct steps of de novo purine biosynthesis leading to the formation of AMP and IMP; both steps involve the beta-elimination of fumarate. A single point mutation in the human ASL gene has been linked to mental retardation with autistic features. In addition, ASL plays an important role in the bioprocessing of anti-HIV therapeutics. B subtilis ASL, which shares 30% sequence identity and 70% sequence similarity with human ASL, has been crystallized and data to 3.3 A have been collected at 100 K. The space group is P6(1)22 or P6(5)22 with a = b = 129.4 A; the length of the c-axis varies between 275 and 290 A, depending on the crystal. An analysis of solvent content indicates a dimer in the asymmetric unit, although a self-rotation function and an analysis of native Pattersons failed to identify unambiguously the location of any noncrystallographic symmetry axes. Structure determination by isomorphous replacement is in progress.

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