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Diabetes Care. 1996 Aug;19(8):835-42.

Effects of a brief office-based intervention to facilitate diabetes dietary self-management.

Author information

  • 1Diabetes Self-Management Research Group, Oregon Research Institute, Eugene 97403-1983, USA. russ@ori.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

There is a pressing need for brief practical interventions that address diabetes management. Using a randomized design, we evaluated a medical office-based intervention focused on behavioral issues relevant to dietary self-management.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

There were 206 adult diabetes patients randomized to usual care or brief intervention, which consisted of touchscreen computer-assisted assessment to provide immediate feedback on key barriers to dietary self-management, and goal setting and problem-solving counseling for patients. Follow-up components to the single session intervention included phone calls and interactive video or videotape instruction as needed.

RESULTS:

Multivariate analyses of covariance revealed that the brief intervention produced greater improvements than usual care on a number of measures of dietary behavior (e.g., fewer calories from saturated fat, fewer high-fat eating habits and behaviors) at the 3-month follow-up. There were also significant differences favoring intervention on changes in serum cholesterol levels and patient satisfaction but not on glycosylated hemoglobin. The intervention effects were relatively robust across a variety of patient characteristics, the two participating physicians, and intervention staff members.

CONCLUSIONS:

If the long-term results are equally positive and generalize to other setting, this intervention could provide a prototype for a feasible cost-effective way to integrate patient views and behavioral management into office-based care for diabetes.

PMID:
8842601
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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