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Indian J Gastroenterol. 1996 Jul;15(3):90-3.

Healing of chronic antral gastritis: effect of sucralfate and colloidal bismuth subcitrate.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow.



Colloidal bismuth subcitrate (CBS) causes endoscopic and histological improvement in gastritis and eradication of Helicobacter pylori in patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD). The effect of sucralfate, a cytoprotective drug, on endoscopic and histologic gastritis and H pylori clearance is not clear. We studied the effect of CBS and sucralfate on these features in patients with NUD.


Sixty three patients with NUD and H pylori infection were randomized to receive one of the following for four weeks: (i) CBS (240 mg twice daily) (Group 1); (ii) placebo I, similar in size, color and shape to CBS (Group 2); (iii) sucralfate (2.0 g twice daily) (Group 3) and (iv) placebo II, similar to sucralfate (Group 4). Symptoms, endoscopic and histological findings and H pylori status were assessed before and after treatment.


Similar symptomatic improvement was observed with each treatment, indicating a placebo effect. Significant endoscopic and histological improvement was observed with CBS only. CBS was better than sucralfate in inducing endoscopic and histological improvement. Clearance rate of H pylori was 46.6% with CBS, 16.6% with its placebo, 33.3% with sucralfate and 13.3% with its placebo.


CBS is more effective than sucralfate in inducing endoscopic and histologic healing of H pylori-related gastritis among NUD patients.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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