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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996 Oct;28(4):915-23.

Effects of nifedipine and nitroglycerin on left ventricular systolic dysfunction and impaired diastolic filling after exercise-induced ischemia in humans.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to determine whether calcium antagonist, compared with nitroglycerin, administration attenuates left ventricular dysfunction after exercise-induced ischemia in humans.

BACKGROUND:

Exercise-induced ischemia impairs left ventricular systolic function and diastolic filling after exercise. The mechanism of this phenomenon is unknown but may relate to intracellular calcium overload.

METHODS:

Echocardiography was performed in 131 patients before and 30 min, 2 h and 4 h after exercise stress test. Ischemia was defined as a reversible thallium stress defect. No medication, sublingual nitroglycerin or nifedipine was randomly given to each patient at peak exercise.

RESULTS:

Isovolumetric relaxation time was significantly prolonged from rest (100 +/- 19 ms [mean +/- SD]) to 30 min (118 +/- 20 ms, p < 0.0005), 2 h (117 +/- 18 ms, p < 0.0005) and 4 h (110 +/- 22 ms, p < 0.05) after exercise in 21 patients with exercise-induced ischemia who received no medication (ischemia-none group). Isovolumetric relaxation time similarly increased after exercise in 23 patients who received nitroglycerin and had exercise-induced ischemia (ischemia-NTG group) but was unchanged in 20 patients with exercise-induced ischemia who received nifedipine (ischemia-nifedipine group). Peak early filling velocity decreased in the ischemia-none and ischemia-NTG groups from rest to 30 min and 2 h after exercise, but peak early filling velocity was unchanged in the ischemia-nifedipine group. Ejection fraction decreased from rest to 30 min after exercise in the ischemia-none group (59 +/- 12% vs. 51 +/- 13%, p < 0.025) and ischemia-NTG group (59 +/- 14% vs. 49 +/- 14%, p < 0.005) but was unchanged in the ischemia-nifedipine group (60 +/- 19% vs. 64 +/- 18%, p = NS). A new regional left ventricular wall motion abnormality occurred more frequently 30 min after exercise in the ischemia-none group (11 [52%] of 21) and ischemia-NTG group (9 [39%] of 23) compared with the ischemia-nifedipine group (2 [10%] of 20, both p < 0.05). No change occurred in left ventricular systolic function and diastolic filling after exercise in the control groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Exercise-induced ischemia impairs systolic function and diastolic filling after exercise. Sublingual nifedipine but not nitroglycerin attenuates this process and suggests that altered calcium homeostasis may play a role in left ventricular dysfunction that occurs after exercise-induced ischemia.

PMID:
8837569
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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