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Aging (Milano). 1995 Dec;7(6):414-22.

Age-related bone loss and senile osteoporosis: evidence for both secondary hyperparathyroidism and skeletal growth factor deficiency in the elderly.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

Aging is characterized by a decrease in bone volume, implying that net bone resorption exceeds net bone formation. This age-related bone loss can be regarded as the main determinant of hip fracture risk in the elderly. In the concept of senile osteoporosis, a key role has been attributed to vitamin D deficiency. Lack of vitamin D activity may affect femoral strength through impaired mineralization as well as through a hyperparathyroidism-mediated increase in bone resorption. In addition to vitamin D-related mechanisms, recent evidence has indicated a decline in the skeletal content of anabolic growth factors--such as insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)--in femoral (cortical) bone, suggesting that skeletal growth factor deficiency may contribute to the age-related bone loss in the proximal femur as well. It is tempting to speculate that skeletal IGF-I loss might, at least partially, be accounted for by growth hormone deficiency. However, critical evidence does not yet support the concept that the decreased activity of the growth hormone-IGF-I-axis alters bone remodeling, and the extent to which serum concentrations of growth factors are reflective of skeletal activity remains to be clarified.

PMID:
8835078
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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