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Subst Use Misuse. 1996 Feb;31(3):323-42.

Pathways into drug user treatment: the influence of gender and racial/ethnic identity.

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  • 1New Jersey Department of Health, Division of Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Addiction Services, Trenton, New Jersey 08625, USA.


Drawing on constructs from models of health behavior change, this paper examines gender and racial/ethnic influences on access to residential drug user treatment. Using a focus group methodology, data were collected from a sample of 65 in-treatment White, Black, and Hispanic men and women. Hispanics were more likely to delay treatment because of a reluctance to acknowledge their addictions and discomfort at being separated from family. Females reported more negative expectations about treatment than males and more use of drugs to bolster self-esteem. Responsibility to children represented the most powerful catalyst to treatment for women. Implications for improving access to treatment for women and minorities are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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