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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1996 Jul;18(1):35-40.

Allogeneic peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation: analysis of short-term engraftment and acute GVHD incidence in 33 cases. allo-PBPCT Spanish Group.

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  • 1Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain.


The results of 33 allogeneic peripheral blood progenitor cells transplants (allo-PBPCT) in adult patients with hematologic malignancies were analyzed in a retrospective and multicenter study. In 21 of 33 cases (63%) the disease was refractory or in advanced stage and eight of the 33 cases (24%) were second transplants after relapse. Donors were treated with a median of 10 (4-16) micrograms/kg/day of rhG-CSF subcutaneously for 5-7 days. Three required a central venous line for harvesting. Peripheral blood leukapheresis product contained a median of 5.9 (1.8-13) 10(6)/kg CD34+ cells and a median of 309.5 (153-690) 10(6)/kg CD3+ cells. After a myeloablative regimen, all patients received PBPC from HLA-identical donors as the sole source of progenitor cells. Cyclosporin A (CsA) alone (n = 2), CsA and steroids (n = 9), and CsA and methotrexate (MTX) (n = 22) were used for GVHD prophylaxis. Growth factors post-transplant were given to 11 patients (33%). The median follow-up of the patients was 3 months. Actuarial median day for hemopoietic recovery was: neutrophils to >0.5 (>1) x 10(9)/l, day 14 (15); platelets to >20 (>50) x 10(9)/l, day 14 (21). The quantity of CD34+ cells infused did not significantly affect the engraftment kinetics, from a starting cutoff of 2.5 x 10(6)/kg. The speed of neutrophil recovery seemed to be influenced strongly by using rhG-CSF post-transplant and marginally by the type of GVHD prophylaxis. Actuarial probability for grade II-IV acute GVHD of the whole group was 37% (95% Cl, 20-54%).

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