Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gastroenterology. 1996 Oct;111(4):968-80.

Kappa, but not mu or delta, opioids attenuate responses to distention of afferent fibers innervating the rat colon.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Discomfort and pain are the principal conscious sensations that arise from the viscera, and both are increased in frequency and intensity in patients with a functional bowel disorder. Visceral receptors, perhaps sensitized, may contribute to these altered sensations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of opioid receptor-selective agonists on afferent fibers innervating the colon.

METHODS:

Mechanosensitive pelvic nerve afferent fibers were recorded from the decentralized S1 dorsal root in anesthetized rats. The effects of opioid agonists, given intra-arterially, were studied based on the fiber's responses to noxious colorectal distention (CRD) (80 mm Hg, 30 seconds).

RESULTS:

A total of 115 distention-sensitive fibers innervating the colon were studied, including 32 that were studied after colonic inflammation with 2.5% acetic acid. Neither mu-(morphine and fentanyl) nor delta- ([D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin- and SNC-80) opioid receptor agonists affected responses to CRD. In contrast, kappa- (U-50,488 and fedotozine) opioid receptor agonists dose-dependently attenuated responses to CRD. Acetic acid sensitized about half of the fibers studied, but neither the potency nor the efficacy of U-50, 488 or FDZ were changed after colonic inflammation.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest a role for peripheral kappa-opioid receptors in the modulation of visceral nociception.

PMID:
8831591
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk