Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Growth Differ. 1996 Feb;7(2):213-21.

Flt-1 but not KDR/Flk-1 tyrosine kinase is a receptor for placenta growth factor, which is related to vascular endothelial growth factor.

Author information

  • 1Department of Genetics, University of Tokyo, Japan.


Placenta Growth Factor (PIGF) is a new member of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family. Although VEGF binds Flt family Flt-1 and KDR/Flk-1 tyrosine kinases at high affinity for signal transduction, biological activities and the receptors of PIGF have not been extensively studied. Reverse transcription-PCR showed that PIGF-2, a subtype of PIGF-1 that bears a basic amino acid-rich domain, is more abundant than PIGF-1 and thus is the major subtype in human placenta. Using antibodies specific to PIGF-1 or -2 as markers, we obtained large amounts of PIGFs in the baculovirus expression system. PIGF-2 had growth-stimulatory activity on human umbilical vein endothelial cells and vascular permeability activity in the Miles assay at levels about 10-fold lower than those of VEGF. All PIGF-1 activities were lower than those of PIGF-2. Both PIGFs competed for the binding of 125I-labeled VEGF to Flt-1 receptor but not to KDR/Flk-1 expressed on NIH3T3 cells. Furthermore, 125I-labeled PIGF bound to Flt-1 at high affinity but not to KDR/Flk-1. Supporting the notion that PIGF can use only Flt-1 as a receptor, PIGF activated Flt-1 to autophosphorylate, whereas PIGF could not generate signals from KDR/Flk-1. These results indicate that Flt-1, but not KDR/Flk-1, is a receptor for PIGF, suggesting that the weak biological activities of PIGF are due to its use of only part of the available VEGF signaling. These mild characteristics of PIGF may be important for the appropriate development and maintenance of normal placental tissue.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk