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Fertil Steril. 1996 Oct;66(4):614-9.

Cotinine, a major metabolite of nicotine, is detectable in follicular fluids of passive smokers in in vitro fertilization therapy.

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  • 1University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, in follicular fluids (FF) of women who smoke either actively or passively or not all.

DESIGN:

Controlled clinical study.

SETTING:

Infertile patients in a hospital IVF-ET program.

PATIENTS:

One hundred eleven women classified by smoking habits: active smokers (n = 44), passive smokers (n = 17), or nonsmokers (n = 50).

INTERVENTIONS:

Ovarian hyperstimulation.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Cotinine levels in FF.

RESULTS:

A strong correlation between number of cigarettes smoked and levels of FF cotinine was found. The levels of FF cotinine were: active smokers 710.4 +/- 128.2, passive smokers 76.3 +/- 56.5, and nonsmokers 4.2 +/- 2.0 ng/mL (mean +/- SEM). The level in active smokers was significantly greater than in other groups. The levels of FF cotinine in passive smokers differed significantly from nonsmokers. Eighty-four percent of nonsmokers actually were exposed to nicotine, with a mean value of 5.0 ng/mL.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cotinine was detectable in a dose-dependent manner in active and passive smokers. It was detected in all active smokers and in a majority of passive smokers and self-reported nonsmokers. A strong interindividual variation suggests differences in metabolism and smoking habits. Follicular fluid cotinine assessments are useful for infertility studies.

PMID:
8816626
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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