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Seizures in cats.

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  • 1Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Canada.

Abstract

Seizures in cats are caused by active structural disease or secondary epilepsy. The most common structural causes are inflammatory diseases, many of which are probably viral (non-FIP) in origin. Toxoplasmosis, FIP, FeLV, and FIV are rare causes of recurrent seizures in cats. The incidence of primary epilepsy is unknown; it is unlikely to occur in domestic cats. The pattern (type and frequency) of the seizures and the age at onset of the seizures are important factors in establishing a differential diagnosis. More than 50% of cats with seizures experience nonconvulsive (mild generalized or partial complex) seizures. Though many cats experience severe cluster seizures and status epilepticus, severity of seizures is not a good predictor of outcome. Many cats stop having seizures or are controlled well with AEDs regardless of the severity of their seizure activity.

PMID:
8813751
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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