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Nature. 1996 Sep 19;383(6597):263-6.

Role of the inositol phosphatase SHIP in negative regulation of the immune system by the receptor Fc(gamma)RIIB.

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  • 1Molecular Biology Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York 10021, USA.


Immune complexes are potent activators of inflammatory cells, triggering effector responses through the crosslinking of Fc receptors (FcRs) such as Fc(epsilon)RI or Fc(gamma)RIII. On B cells and mast cells, immune complexes are also negative regulators of activation triggered by antigen and Fc receptors, a consequence of coligation of the B-cell antigen receptor or Fc(epsilon)RI, respectively, and the inhibitory receptor Fc(gamma)RIIB. Here we show that inhibitory signalling by Fc(gamma)RIIB does not require the SH2-domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase, SHP-1, in mast cells and results in the recruitment of the SH2-domain-containing inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase, SHIP, to the tyrosine-phosphorylated 13-amino-acid inhibitory motif of Fc(gamma)RIIB in both B cells and mast cells. SHIP, by hydrolysing the 5-phosphate of phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5)P3 and inositol(1,3,4,5)P4, suggests a mechanism by which Fc(gamma)RIIB can inhibit calcium influx and downstream responses triggered by immune receptors.

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