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Neurosurgery. 1996 Jul;39(1):135-40.

Frequent type 2 neurofibromatosis gene transcript mutations in sporadic intramedullary spinal cord ependymomas.

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  • 1Department of Neurological Surgery, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To further investigate the role of Type 2 neurofibromatosis (NF2) gene transcript mutations in the sporadically occurring counterparts of NF2-associated tumors.

METHODS:

Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction followed by agarose gel electrophoresis, single strand conformation polymorphism analysis, and automated deoxyribonucleic acid sequence analysis were used to screen for mutations in the NF2 gene transcript in seven unrelated patients with sporadic intramedullary spinal cord ependymomas.

RESULTS:

Five of seven intramedullary spinal cord ependymomas harbored detectable mutations. All of these mutations occurred in the region of the transcript that is homologous to known cytoskeletal proteins and resulted in significant truncation of the predicted protein product.

CONCLUSION:

Mutations of the NF2 transcript occur in the majority of sporadic intramedullary spinal cord ependymomas. These mutations are frequent in a region of the transcript that is homologous to a family of cytoskeletal proteins, and they probably render the protein product inactive. These results add to the body of knowledge concerning the role of the NF2 gene transcript in tumorigenesis.

PMID:
8805149
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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