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Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1995;9(9):483-90.

Composite valve graft replacement of the ascending aorta and the aortic valve by a modified button technique: the influence of aortic pathology on early mortality and late survival.

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  • 1Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Milano Centro Cardiologico-Fondazione I Monzino IRCCS, Italy.


The risk factors for in-hospital mortality and mid-term survival in patients undergoing composite graft replacement of the aortic root with reimplant or coronary arteries by a modified button technique were evaluated with special emphasis on the underlying aortic pathology. Between 1985 and 1993 74 patients underwent replacement of the ascending aorta and the aortic valve following a modified button technique. The patients were divided into three groups according to aortic pathology: annuloaortic ectasia (43.58%), type A dissection (18.24%), and miscellaneous (13.18%). In-hospital mortality rates were 4.7%, 33.3% and 23.1%, respectively (P = 0.011). Univariate analysis showed that aortic pathology, NYHA class, emergency operation, redo operation, acute aortic dissection, preoperative cardiogenic shock, preoperative cardiac tamponade, longer cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and aortic cross-clamp times, and the need of femoral vein or femoral artery cannulation at intervention had univariate influence on in-hospital mortality. Multivariable stepwise logistic regression analysis identified CPB time odds ratio (OR) = 1.021/min, P = 0.007), the need of femoral vein cannulation at intervention (OR= 4.85, P = 0.008) and preoperative cardiac tamponade (OR = 3.11, P = 0.07) as independent predictors of in-hospital death. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 98 months (mean 39 +/- 30 months) with an actuarial survival rate of 75 +/- 9%, 52 +/- 13% and 67 +/- 14% at 5 years in annuloaortic ectasia, type A dissection, and miscellaneous patients, respectively (P = 0.18); when survival was evaluated in hospital survivors only, Kaplan-Meier survival rates were 77 +/- 9%, 79 +/- 14% and 89 +/- 10% at 5 years (P = 0.87). Comparing survival of annuloaortic ectasia patients (5-year survival 75 +/- 9%) versus survival of all other patients pooled together (5-year survival 55 +/- 11%), there was a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05); such a difference was no longer significant when comparing hospital survivors alone (5-year survival rate 77 +/- 9% annuloaortic ectasia patients vs 79 +/- 12% all other patients P = 0.61). Although aortic root replacement carries higher in-hospital mortality in some high-risk subgroups of patients, mid-term survival seems to be less affected by aortic pathology; high-risk patients are expected to have an out-hospital outcome comparable to the low-risk ones.

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