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Ann Surg. 1977 Jul;186(1):34-41.

Palmar hyperhidrosis and its surgical treatment: a report of 100 cases.


One hundred patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis (HH) underwent bilateral upper dorsal sympathectomy (UDS) by the supraclavicular approach. Pre-operative epidemiological and clinical data are described. The immediate and late results, as well as the complications and side-effects are detailed. Follow-up was completed on 93 patients between four and 50 months after the operation (average 18 months). Of 93 patients, 91 had drying of the hands. In 58% some moisture returned to the hands but in no case did the hyperhidrotic state recur. Subjective patient evaluation was excellent or good in 83 patients (89%) and only one patient (a technical failure) was completely dissatisfied. Reasons for some degree of dissatisfaction with operation were mainly compensatory HH in non denervated areas, and Horner's syndrome. Compensatory HH usually decreased with passage of time and, permanent Horner's syndrome occurred in 8% of patients (4% of procedures). Technical failure can be avoided by use of frozen section examination intraoperatively. For severe cases of palmar HH that cause social, professional and emotional embarassment, bilateral simultaneous UDS by the supraclavicular approach is the procedure of choice: Morbidity is small, and almost all patients enjoy improved quality of life after the operation.

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