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Blood. 1996 Sep 1;88(5):1700-7.

Molecular basis of protein S deficiency in three families also showing independent inheritance of factor V leiden.

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  • 1Department of Medicine and Pharmacology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK.


The molecular basis of type I or III Protein S deficiency has been investigated in three kindred also showing independent inheritance of factor V (FV) Leiden. A T to C transition in codon 570 (Met-->Thr) was identified in the propositi and shown to segregate with protein S deficiency in all but one of the affected members of two kindred. This individual was heterozygous for a second transition (C to T) causing substitution of serine 624 by leucine. A second member of the same family, with markedly reduced free protein S levels when compared with affected relatives, was heterozygous for both mutations. Haplotype analysis of individuals with the mutated ATG570ACG allele in the two kindred suggested they may have been related by a common ancestor. A G to A transition resulting in substitution of cysteine 145 by tyrosine was detected in the third kindred. All mutations are believed to interfere with protein S binding to C4b-binding protein resulting in reduced free protein S levels. Of the five individuals studied who had experienced thrombotic events, three had combined protein S deficiency and FV Leiden reemphasising the importance of FV Leiden as an additional risk factor for thrombosis in protein S deficiency.

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