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Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 2):R25-33.

Cortisol disposition and production rate in horses during rest and exercise.

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  • 1Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse, Département de Physiopathologie, France.

Abstract

The influence of a 56-km endurance exercise on cortisol kinetics and production rate was evaluated in six horses administered [3H]cortisol. Exercise resulted in an immediate two- to threefold increase in plasma cortisol, with values returning very rapidly to preexercise levels. During exercise, clearance and steady-state volume of distribution of total cortisol were greatly increased (338 +/- 95 vs. 137 +/- 34 ml.kg-1.h-1 for clearance and 359 +/- 82 vs. 229 +/- 18 ml/kg for volume of distribution), whereas the terminal half-life decreased significantly (0.97 +/- 0.16 vs. 1.55 +/- 0.33 h). The estimated cortisol production rate was 4.41 +/- 1.06 micrograms.kg-1.h-1 at rest and 26.75 +/- 5.11 micrograms.kg-1.h-1 during exercise. We conclude that exercise triggers a large increase (x 6) in the adrenal secretion rate, which is not accurately reflected by the more limited increase (x 2-3) in plasma cortisol concentration, the actual measurement of plasma cortisol clearance being a prerequisite to assessment of adrenal gland function during exercise.

PMID:
8760200
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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