Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):L93-9.

Maximal PDGF-induced lung fibroblast chemotaxis requires PDGF receptor-alpha.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Pulmonary Pathobiology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.


Alteration of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor system could be important in enhancing the mitogenic and chemotactic potential of lung fibroblasts during pulmonary fibrogenesis. We previously reported that interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) upregulates the PDGF receptor-alpha (PDGFR-alpha) gene, and in this study we sought to establish the importance of the PDGFR-alpha relative to the PDGFR-beta in mediating a chemotactic response to PDGF-AA, -AB, and -BB. Pretreatment of fibroblasts for 24 h with IL-1 beta increased chemotaxis to all three PDGF isoforms. IL-1 beta pretreatment markedly increased the maximal number of 125I-labeled PDGF-AA binding sites but did not change the number of 125I-PDGF-AB or PDGF-BB sites. However, IL-1 beta increased 125I-PDGFR-AB affinity twofold. Neomycin (5 mM) was used as a PDGFR-alpha antagonist and completely blocked 125I-PDGF-AA binding and PDGF-AA-induced chemotaxis. The binding affinity of 125I-PDGF-AB and 125I-PDGF-BB was increased two-to threefold by neomycin, and chemotaxis to PDGF-AB and PDGF-BB was enhanced. These results define a role for the PDGFR-alpha as a regulatory receptor subtype that is necessary for PDGF isoforms to exert maximal chemotaxis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk