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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1996 Jul 15;35(5):875-9.

103Pd brachytherapy and external beam irradiation for clinically localized, high-risk prostatic carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University Community Hospital, Tampa, FL 33613, USA.



To summarize biochemical failure rates and morbidity of external beam irradiation (EBRT) combined with palladium (103Pd) boost for clinically localized high-risk prostate carcinoma.


Seventy-three consecutive patients with stage T2a-T3 prostatic carcinoma were treated from 1991 through 1994. Each patient had at least one of the following risk factors for extracapsular disease extension: Stage T2b or greater (71 patients), Gleason score 7-10 (40 patients), prostate specific antigen (PSA) > 15 (32 patients), or elevated prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) (17 patients). Patients received 41 Gy EBRT to a limited pelvic field, followed 4 weeks later by a 103Pd boost (prescription dose: 80 Gy). Biochemical failure was defined as a PSA greater than 1.0 ng/ml (normal < 4.0 ng/ml). Patients whose PSA was still decreasing at the last follow-up were censored at that time. Patients whose PSA plateaued at a value greater than 1.0 were scored as failures at the time the PSA first plateaued.


The overall, actuarial freedom from biochemical failure at 3 years after treatment was 79%. In Cox proportional hazard multivariate analysis, the strongest predictor of failure was elevated acid phosphatase (p = 0.04), followed by PSA (p = 0.17), Stage (p = 0.23), and Gleason score (p = 0.6). Treatment-related morbidity was usually limited to temporary, RTOG Grade 1-2 urinary symptoms. One patient, who had both a transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) and a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), developed low-volume urinary incontinence. The actuarial potency rate at 3 years after implantation was 77% for 46 patients who were sexually potent prior to implant.


Biochemical freedom from failure rates following combined EBRT and 103Pd brachytherapy for clinically localized, high-risk prostate cancer compare favorably with that reported after conventional dose EBRT alone. Morbidity has been acceptable.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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