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J Neurobiol. 1996 Jun;30(2):281-92.

Antibody that neutralizes myelin-associated inhibitors of axon growth does not interfere with recognition of target-specific guidance information by rat retinal axons.

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  • 1Neurologische Universitätsklinik, Tübingen, Germany.

Abstract

During development, many CNS projection neurons establish topographically ordered maps in their target regions. Myelin-associated inhibitors of neurite growth contribute to the confinement of fiber tracts during development and limit plastic changes after CNS projections have been formed. Neutralization of myelin-associated growth inhibitors leads to an expansion of the retinal innervation of the superior colliculus (SC). In the lesioned adult mammalian CNS, these long projection neurons are usually unable to regrow axons over long distances after lesion due to myelin-associated inhibitors, which interfere with axonal growth in vivo and in vitro. Application of a specific antibody directed against myelin-inhibitors (IN-1) promotes regrowth of corticospinal tract or retinal ganglion cell axons. In the present study, we asked whether application of an antibody to myelin-associated growth inhibitors would lead to disturbances of target-specific axon guidance. To examine this issue, we used an in vitro model, the "stripe assay", to examine the behavior of rat retinal ganglion cell axons on membranes from embryonic and deafferented adult rat SC. On membrane preparations from embryonic rat SC, retinal fibers avoid posterior tectal membranes, possibly due to the presence of a repulsive factor. Nasal retinal axons show a random growth pattern. On membranes prepared from the deafferented adult rat SC, temporal and nasal axons prefer to grow on membranes prepared from their specific target region, which suggests the involvement of target-derived attractive guidance components. The results of the present study show that retinal axons grow significantly faster in the presence of IN-1 antibody that neutralizes myelin-associated growth inhibitors present in the membrane preparations from the adult rat SC. IN-1 antibody, however, does not interfere with specific axonal guidance. This suggests that axonal guidance and specific target finding are independently regulated in retinal axons.

PMID:
8738756
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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