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Arq Bras Cardiol. 1996 Feb;66(2):55-7.

[Comparative study between verapamil and adenosine triphosphate in the treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia].

[Article in Portuguese]

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  • 1Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clínicas-FMUSP, São Paulo.



To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) adenosine-triphosphate (ATP) and verapamil to convert acute episodes of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) to sinus rhythm.


Fifty patients with PSVT were randomized in two groups: A) 25 treated with IV bolus of ATP (10 or 20mg), and V) 25 treated with IV verapamil, up to 15mg, during 3min. We evaluated the time delay necessary to convert the arrhytmia, doses, and side-effects. Patients with acute ischemic syndromes (< 3 weeks), severe congestive heart failure, and treatment with dipyridamole or methylxanthine were excluded.


There were no differences between the two groups regarding to age, sex, and success rate. The average time till reversal were respectively, 30s and 248s for ATP and verapamil. Ventricular ectopy and general discomfort were observed in 33% of patients receiving ATP, whereas no side-effects occurred in group V.


ATP is a good option to convert rapidly PSVT to sinus rhythm and, probably, could be the first choice to treat PSVT patients with ventricular dysfunction.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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