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Diabetes Care. 1996 May;19(5):414-8.

A metabolic syndrome in whites and African-Americans. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities baseline study.

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  • 1Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. bbduncan2@vortex.ufrgs.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe clustering of hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperuricemia and its association with fasting insulin, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and BMI for African-American and white men and women.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Observed frequencies of clusters were compared with those expected in 14,481 participants, 45-64 years of age, of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) baseline survey, 1987-1989. Associations of clusters with insulin, central adiposity, and overall obesity, as well as with abnormalities, were analyzed through multiple logistic regression.

RESULTS:

Clustering beyond chance was observed in all four sex/ethnic groups (P < 0.001), with 7% of the sample presenting 30% of the abnormalities in large clusters (> or = 3 abnormalities per individual). The odds ratio (OR) for the association of each abnormality with clustering of the remaining four ranged from 1.6 to 8.8 (P < 0.01). These odds of clustering were notably large in white women. Of the abnormalities, hypertriglyceridemia demonstrated the highest OR (5.0-8.8) and diabetes had the lower OR in African-American subjects than in white subjects (P < 0.001). Insulin, WHR, and BMI were statistically associated with clustering in all groups (P < 0.001, except for BMI in African-Americans.

PMID:
8732701
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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