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Paediatr Anaesth. 1996;6(3):187-93.

Parental presence during induction of anaesthesia: practice differences between the United States and Great Britain.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.


A questionnaire was sent to 1353 paediatric anaesthetists in Great Britain and the United States. Nineteen questions were asked about attitudes toward parental presence during induction of anaesthesia and the prevalence of such practice. Overall, respondents from Great Britain support parental presence more than the United States respondents. For example, 82% of the Great Britain respondents, vs 64% of the United States respondents thought that parental presence during induction decreases the anxiety (P = 0.001) and increases the cooperation of the child (P = 0.001). Most United States respondents (58%) allow parental presence in less than 5% of their cases, but most Great Britain respondents (84%) allow parental presence in more than 75% of their cases. We conclude that in contrast to the respondents from Great Britain, the majority of the United States sample does not feel that parental presence is useful and so does not routinely use this technique in their practice.

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