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AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1996 Apr;17(4):755-60.

Evolution of high-intensity basal ganglia lesions on T1-weighted MR in neurofibromatosis type 1.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To characterize the temporal evolution of the foci of T1 shortening in basal ganglia lesions in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1).

METHODS:

A retrospective review of MR images of 37 patients with NF-1 revealed 8 patients in whom regions of T1 shortening were noted in the basal ganglia. We reviewed sequential images obtained in these selected patients with special attention to chronological changes in the foci of T1 shortening and their relationship to changes on T2-weighted images.

RESULTS:

Regions of short T1 in the globus pallidus were observed in 8 patients. In 2 of 3 patients in whom foci of T1 shortening were not identified on the initial imaging study, T1 shortening developed and T2 prolongation diminished after an initial increase. In the third patient, T1 and T2 prolongation appeared simultaneously. Sequential scans in the other 5 patients, in whom areas of increased signal intensity in the globus pallidus were present on both T1-weighted and T2-weighted images on the initial MR examination, showed a diminution in the size of the region of T2 prolongation in 2 patients, an increase in the size of the region of T2 prolongation in 1 patient, a mixed pattern of change in the size of the region of T2 prolongation in 1 patient, and no change in the region of T2 prolongation in 1 patient. During the periods of these T2 changes, the areas of T1 shortening showed no significant interval change.

CONCLUSION:

The foci of prolonged T2 relaxation in the basal ganglia appear to evolve in a manner similar to the foci of T2 prolongation in the white matter of the posterior fossa. However, the corresponding foci of short T1 in the basal ganglia may evolve with a different time course. In some patients, the foci of short T1 develop at a later time than the T2 prolongation and progress; these foci of short T1 do not appear to regress over periods as long as 90 months. Possible causes of the T1 shortening are remyelination and calcification.

PMID:
8730197
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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