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J Clin Microbiol. 1996 May;34(5):1043-9.

Evaluation of tuberculosis transmission in a community by 1 year of systematic typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates.

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  • 1Unité de Génétique Mycobactérienne, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


Interhuman transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was investigated by using molecular typing, including restriction fragment length polymorphism with probes IS6110, DR (direct repeat) and PGRS (polymorphic GC-rich sequence) and a PCR method using the inverted repeat sequences of IS6110 as primers. From 105 patients hospitalized for tuberculosis during a 1-year survey in three hospitals in Paris, France, 111 isolates were collected and analyzed. Eighty-eight patients were infected with genetically different isolates, demonstrating the clonal heterogeneity of M. tuberculosis in these patients originating from various geographical areas. Fourteen patients were infected by strains clustered with identical fingerprints. An epidemiological relatedness was demonstrated for isolates from only seven of these patients. Thus, the typing of isolates from all tuberculous patients in hospitals during 1 year allows the detection of transmission in the general community. This would improve the case findings, thereby further improving the detection of outbreaks.

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