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Bone. 1996 Jan;18(1):9-14.

Bisphosphonates act on osteoblastic cells and inhibit osteoclast formation in mouse marrow cultures.

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  • 1Third Department of Internal Medicine, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan.


We examined the mode of action of bisphosphonates on osteoclastic cell recruitment using mouse marrow cultures with or without osteoblastic cells. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated cells [TRAP(+)MNC] formed in cultures were determined to be osteoclastic cells. In marrow cultures, TRAP(+) MNC formation in the presence of 10(-8) mol/L 1,25(OH)2D3 was not affected by the addition of 10(-6) mol/L dihydrogen (cycloheptylamino)-methylenebisphosphonate monohydrate (YM175). However, it was inhibited in cocultures of marrow cells with osteoblastic cells. The inhibitory effect was evident throughout the entire culture period. YM175 dose dependently inhibited TRAP(+) MNC formation, and other bisphosphonates--pamidronate and alendronate--also inhibited TRAP(+) MNC formation in the coculture. Similar observations were also made in the coculture of spleen cells with osteoblastic cells. The conditioned media of osteoblastic cells treated with 10(-6) mol/L YM175 inhibited TRAP(+) MNC formation in marrow cultures. The presence of YM175 in methylcellulose cultures affected neither the colony formation of monocyte-macrophage lineage, nor TRAP(+) MNC formation in the succeeding cocultures of recovered cells with osteoblastic cells. These results indicate that YM175 and probably other bisphosphonates as well preferentially inhibit the later stage of osteoclastogenesis through its action on osteoblastic cells. Our findings suggest that part of the inhibitory action by osteoblastic cells in the presence of bisphosphonates is mediated through soluble factor(s).

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